His mother gives the sailor their tickets and they board the boat. The author can choose to leave the storyboard public or mark it as Unlisted. With riots and unrest plaguing her country, she and her family set out on a raft, hoping to find safety and freedom in America These arent completely true stories, but these things do happen to real people, even today. Plus, our printable worksheets make it easy to take the fun offline. Though Josef is devastated, he wonders if this is what becoming a man means - not relying on your father. Save over 50% with a SparkNotes PLUS Annual Plan! Yet instead of succumbing to the despair of these events, Josef and the rest of his family resolve to try to find a better life in a new country. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. All three stories make for a great novel and it will teach you a lot and appreciate how good we have it. Interestingly, the stories are also tied together through the symbolism of water and boats. eNotes Editorial. Mahmouds father arranges for a smuggler to take them to the island of Lesbos, in Greece. This is how Mahmoud puts it: No one cares about us if we stay out of your way, but if we come near you were seen as a burden. (read more from the Pages 164 - 215 Summary) More summaries and resources for teaching or studying Refugee (Alan Gratz). Anincredibly important, heartrending, edge-of-the-seat read, bringing light to the plight of immigrants who search for safety and freedom. Last Updated on June 29, 2020, by eNotes Editorial. Dont have an account? Josef; his mother, Rachel; and his sister, Ruth, leave for Hamburg, where they are to meet Aaron and sail to Cuba, which is said to be offering asylum to those fleeing Nazi Germany. -Graham S. Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. By entering your email address you agree to receive emails from SparkNotes and verify that you are over the age of 13. Josefs hope starts to waver following the discovery that the ship may not actually allow them to find a new life in Cuba. In the end, these three stories are connected. Josef: Havana Harbor 1939, 19 days (2). Equally real are the events of 1994 depicted in the novel. Refugee is a novel by Alan Gratz that examines three interrelated stories of the refugee experience. Also, there are parallels between the three stories, and at the end, all of the three stories are connected. White Read-Aloud Award Finalist, 2018 NCTE Charlotte Huck Outstanding Fiction for Children Honor Book, 2017 Malka Penn Award for Human Rights in Childrens Literature Honor Book, Kirkus Reviews Best Middle Grade Historical Books of 2017, Publishers Weekly Best Middle Grade Books of 2017, Southern Living Best Childrens Books of 2017, Publishers Weekly Best Audiobooks of 2017, School Library Journal Top Ten Audio Books of 2017, Booklist Editors Choice: Top 10 Audio for Youth 2017, Audible Best Kids Audiobooks of 2017 Finalist, Center for the Study of Multicultural Childrens Books Best Books of 2017, New York Public Library Top 100 Best Books for Kids 2017, Chicago Public Library Kids Best Fiction for Older Readers 2017, Amazon Top 20 Best Childrens Books of 2017, 2019 Oklahoma Sequoyah Intermediate Book Award Winner, 2018-2019 Pennsylvania Young Readers Choice Grade 6-8 Winner, 2018-2019 Maine Student Book Award Winner, 2018-2019 Vermont Dorothy Canfield Fisher Award Winner, 2019 North Carolina Childrens Book Award Winner, 2019North Dakota Flicker Tale Book Award Winner, 2020 Illinois Rebecca Caudill Young Readers Book Award Winner, 2020 Wisconsin Golden Archer Medal Winner, 2019-2020 Louisiana Young Readers Choice Awards Honor Book, 2020 Arizona Grand Canyon Reader Award Winner, 2019-2020 Tennessee Volunteer State Book Award Winner, 2019-2020 Indiana Young Hoosier Book Award Winner, 2020 California Young Reader Book Award Winner, 2019-2020 Minnesota Maud Hart Lovelace Award Winner, 2018 Colorado Blue Spruce Young Adult Book Award Nominee, 2018-2019 MarylandBlack-Eyed Susan Book Award Nominee, 2020 Nebraska Golden Sower Award Finalist, 2020 New Jersey Garden State Teen Book Award Nominee, 2020 Washington State Sasquatch Book Award Nominee, 2019 Hampshire (England) Book Award Finalist, 2020 Colorado Childrens Choice Book Award Masterlist, 2020 Pacific Northwest Young Readers Choice Award Masterlist, 2020 New Hampshire Isinglass Teen Read Award Masterlist, 2021 German Youth Literature Award Nominee. Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Storyboarding is an incredibly powerful tool for educators because it helps students process and understand the information in a deep, meaningful way. The rumor proves all too true, however, when the ship is marooned at the Cuban harbor for days, with officials telling the passengers day after day they will be allowed to disembark maanaSpanish for tomorrow. Aaron, who suffers a mental breakdown and jumps ship, is rescued by a Cuban police officer called Mariano Padron and allowed into Cuba, but Josef, Rachel, and Ruthand the rest of the passengers of the St. Louisare turned back. In the book "Games at Twilight", what details do you notice that show this story is not taking place in the United States? You'll be able to access your notes and highlights, make requests, and get updates on new titles. (including. His experiences with oppression in Germany, and then as a refugee, cause him to grow up far sooner than he should have to. After it capsizes, it is another boat that gives Hana a chance at life, and it is a Greek Coast Guard boat that ultimately rescues Mahmouds family. LitCharts Teacher Editions. Is Ravis experience Josef Landau is a Jewish boy in Germany in 1938. However, beneath the surface, the ride isnt as perfect as it looks, and Josef has to take the initiative several times. Eventually, the rest of the family is rescued by the Greek Coast Guard and taken to Lesbos, where the coast is littered with the bodies of Syrian refugees who drowned in transit. Before long, the raft capsizes, and the family stays alive by floating in the frigid water, their counterfeit life jackets refusing to work. Refugee: Josef: Havana Harbor - 1939, 19 days (2) Summary & Analysis Next. Summary Themes Questions & Answers Characters Analysis Refugee Summary R efugee is a novel by Alan Gratz that examines three interrelated stories of the refugee experience. Word Count: 1329. Josef understands himself to be German, and yet the Nazis are trying to take away this aspect of German Jewish peoples identity. Officer Padron, a Cuban policeman assigned to the St. Louis, saves Josefs father. Isabels best friend and neighbor, Ivn, is building a small boat with his father so that his family can flee to America. What is a conflict in the book Refugee by Alan Gratz? Josef's story is set in Nazi Germany in 1939. The St. Louis was an actual ship that sailed from Hamburg to Cuba in May, 1939 under the command of Captain Gustav Schrder. Note: When citing an online source, it is important to include all necessary dates. online is the same, and will be the first date in the citation. Some novels are engaging and some novels are important. Josef, Isabel, and Mahmouds strands begin to converge. As a narrative device, this has the effect of accentuating the perils of unusual transcontinental journeys, which the reader is habituated to consider in terms of air travel. Empathy and Social Responsibility. You'll also get updates on new titles we publish and the ability to save highlights and notes. Josef Landau Josef is a 13-year-old Jewish boy living in Germany in the 1930s. They run into several problems, like being in bloody water with many sharks around on a sinking boat and there are high stakes at the end. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Already a member? Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. After Mahmouds home is destroyed, his brother Waleed, sister Hana, and his parents drive to the border of Turkey, hoping to escape. Once he is released, the family flees to Cuba. The family face incredible hardship and tragedy throughout their long journey through Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Serbia, and Hungary on their way to Germany. With the fall of the Soviet Union, aid to Cuba has dried up, and many families starve. . When Josefs father is reunited with his family, they notice that Dachau has changed him: he is paranoid and very thin. When the St. Louis reaches Havana Harbor in Cuba, the ship is not allowed to dock. Chapter 13 Summary: "Josef: Somewhere on the Atlantic Ocean1939" During the Atlantic crossing in 1939, Josef's bar mitzvah ceremony is about to take place. Padron tells Josef and his mother that Landau has been sedated and is recovering in a Cuban hospital. Isabels beloved grandfather Litoshort for Abuelitois on board as well, though he is unsure about leaving Cuba. Isabels boat, too, tips over, the sea claiming her familys food and water. A stunning, poignant novel about the plight of refugees Grade A. Ed. Renew your subscription to regain access to all of our exclusive, ad-free study tools. On Kristallnacht, the Night of Broken Glass, members of the Brownshirts, the police force of Nazi Germany, invade Josefs house and take away his father, Aaron Landau. He promises the passengers that he will try to deliver them to a country other than Germany. Isabel: Between Bahamas and Florida - 1994, 5 days (1) Themes and Colors Key Josef is a Jewish boy in 1930s Nazi Germany. Scholastic|July 25,2017|Ages 8and Up. You can also use Storyboard That to create a summary of the book, a movie poster, or analyze themes and events. It is shabbos and time for Josefs Bar Mitzvah, the Jewish religious ceremony when a Jewish boy turns 13 years old. LitCharts Teacher Editions. March 4, 2023, SNPLUSROCKS20 Word Count: 1050. Ruth promises to help Mahmoud find Hana. Full of struggle, heroism, and non-stop adventure, Refugee is not only an important book, its a terrific story. T he main characters in Refugee are Josef Landau, Isabel Fernandez, and Mahmoud Bishara.. Josef Landau is a twelve-year-old Jewish boy living in Berlin, Germany, in 1938. In their memory, she decided to make Berlin her home. TO CANCEL YOUR SUBSCRIPTION AND AVOID BEING CHARGED, YOU MUST CANCEL BEFORE THE END OF THE FREE TRIAL PERIOD. Thus, Gratz presents the stark reality of the perils of such a passage. They will also appear in Google search results. You'll be able to access your notes and highlights, make requests, and get updates on new titles. Instant downloads of all 1699 LitChart PDFs creating and saving your own notes as you read. The novel follows the stories of three refugee children in three different geographic locations and points in time. Isabel Fernandez is an eleven-year-old girl who lives just outside Havana in 1994. Kimberly Brubaker Bradley, Newbery Honor winning author of The War That Saved My Life. Comment on the use of imagery in "Games at Twilight.". For Aaron, it represents a metaphorical death, as he disappears into the water and subsequently out of Josefs life. Refugee looks readers straight in the eye, challenging them to truly see these kids who are battling the worst moments of our recent history. Also, there are parallels between the three stories, and at the end, all of the three stories are connected. Refugee: Josef: On the Atlantic Ocean - 1939, 10 days Summary & Analysis Next Isabel: Straits of Florida - 1994, 1 day (2) Themes and Colors Key Summary Analysis Josef and some of the other children on the St. Louis take a tour of the ship 's bridge and engine room. Refugee is more than a story about children fleeing their homelands, it is a story about what unites us all love, family and perseverance. St. Louis, a ship taking Jewish refugees to Havana, Cuba. According to history, most of the St. Louiss passengers had to return to Europe, denied asylum by Cuba and Europe. But for each of them, thereis always the hope of tomorrow. They take a train to board the St. Louis, where it feels like paradise compared to the treatment they received the last couple of years. Lito jumps in the water to distract the Coast Guard, and Isabels mother gives birth to a boy, just as they reach the shore. PDF downloads of all 1699 LitCharts literature guides, and of every new one we publish. However, one day Castro announces that he wont enforce staying in the country anymore, and Isabels family is ready to leave in a small boat their friends made. Struggling with distance learning? In the back of the book, the author Alan Gratz offers ways that people can help refugees like Josef, Isabel, Mahmoud, and their families. Alan Gratzs novel Refugee (2017) illuminates the worldwide refugee crisis through the stories of three children fleeing possible death with their families in different times and places. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. What I really like about this book is the changing perspectives. 2023 . eNotes.com, Inc. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. Josef: Train to Hamburg - 1939, 1 day Themes and Colors Key Summary Analysis After school, Mahmoud, Waleed, and their mother, Fatima, do their usual afternoon prayer. Definitions and examples of 136 literary terms and devices. "Refugee - Analysis" eNotes Publishing eNotes.com, Inc. The novel begins with the story line of twelve-year-old Josef, a Jewish boy in Germany. eNotes.com What is the setting of "Games at Twilight"? Mahmoud and his traumatized younger brother, Waleed, have learned to survive the frequent bombings and the bullying by majority Sunnis by learning to be invisible. However, the family is forced to act when their neighborhood is bombed. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Mahmoud and his family travel through Serbia and into Hungary, where they are detained at a refugee camp that is built like a prison. His father, Aaron, is taken away by the Nazis on Kristallnacht and is sent to the Dachau concentration camp. A passing, overcrowded boat cannot accommodate all of them, but at Mahmouds insistence, a woman onboard agrees to take Hana. LitCharts Teacher Editions. The places where they live are in a horrifying state of turmoil. This Study Guide consists of approximately 70pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - Josef goes to find his sister but when he comes back his father is gone. Once he is released, the family flees to Cuba. The rest of the passengers grow angry. Summary Plot Overview Refugee follows the stories of three different children and their families, each attempting to flee their violent homelands, in different regions of the world and during different decades. Complete your free account to request a guide. Braving extremely choppy and shark-infested waters, the two families make the ninety-mile run to Florida. They skipped the chapters on the other two characters, and the students that read Josef's story had to read the last chapter of Mahmoud's . Im a big fan of that, and it was executed brilliantly here. Impossible odds and families in peril make for vivid and unrelenting suspense in these stories of flight and daring. You'll also get updates on new titles we publish and the ability to save highlights and notes. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!, This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. Josef is loyal, compassionate, paternal, and selfless. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of. Josefs fathers mental state deteriorates further, and he eventually jumps from the ship, trying to kill himself. Thus, the waters are deceptive for Josef, as is proved when the St. Louis is turned back from the Cuban shore. Their city of Aleppo is in ruins and the family decide that leaving Syria is their only option if they wish to survive. This is an engaging tale. The way the content is organized, Isabel: Straits of Florida 1994, 1 day (2), LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in, Injustice and Cruelty vs. If there are three dates, the first date is the date of the original Mahmoud; Waleed; their parents, Youssef and Fatima; and their baby sister, Hana, leave for Germany. All storyboards and images are private and secure. Though the stories are fictionalized, the events they draw from are historical, enabling readers to empathize with the perils of those whose lives are too often dismissed as remote news stories. The elderly woman Mahmoud meets is Ruth, Josefs younger sister. Fidel Castro has taken over the country of Cuba and the citizens are sick of his dictatorship. Lito tells the story of the St. Louis and how he had to turn away so many refugees when he was a young policeman. He is of average height with brown hair and brown eyes. Teacher Editions with classroom activities for all 1699 titles we cover. In addition, any storyboard can be made sharable, where a private link to the storyboard can be shared externally. What are the different settings of the novel and how does it affect and shape the characters? Josef: On the Atlantic Ocean 1939, 10 days. With his homeland torn apart by violence and destruction, he and his family begin a long trek toward Europe. Mahmoud decides that he no longer wants to be ignored and leads the refugees out of the prison, walking twelve hours to Austria.